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Big band jazz
which consist usually of 10-17 musicians. Big band В consists of two groups – the melodic and rhythmic. The melodic group, in turn, is divided into a group of saxophones (reeds), which is sometimes replaced by clarinets and brass – trumpets and trombones (brass). In rhythmic group includes piano, guitar, bass and drums.
The most common is the following composition jazzВ Big band : 4 trumpets, 4 trombones, 5 saxophones (2 alto, 2 tenors, and baritone) and the rhythmic group. There are different types of Big band jazz, in which the number of instruments can vary up or down.
In modern jazz at Big band jazzВ sometimes additionally introduced the oboe, flute, bass clarinet, French horn, tuba, vibraphone, organ and string instruments. In Big bandВ played on a pre-written arrangements. Big bandВ began to appear in the 20s – in the transition from traditional jazz to swing. Among the first – bands Fletcher Henderson (1923) and Duke Ellington (1928). Later, there were Big band jazzВ Don Redman, Luis Russell, Chick Webb.
His heyday Big bandВ reached during the swing, but then crystallized structure and function groups defined band. Among the leading jazzВ Big bandВ in 30-40s – В Charlie Barnet Orchestra, Count Basie, Forest Brown, Woody Herman, Glen Gray, Benny Goodman, Harry James, and brothers Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey, Benny Carter, cab Calloway, Jimmie Lunsford, Billy May’s, Glenn Miller, Benny Moutena, Earl Hines, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw.
In the postwar period are the most famous jazzВ Big bandВ В Johnny Denkvorta (England), Joseph Weinstein, Oleg Lundstrem (USSR), Count Basie, Woody Herman, Dizzy Gillespie, Quincy Jones, Stan Kenton, Oliver Nelson, Buddy Rich, Maynard Ferguson, Gil Evans, Duke Ellington, Don Ellis, Ted Jones , Mel Lewis (USA), Kurt Edelhagena (FRG), Gustav Brom (Czechoslovakia), Harry Arnold (Sweden), Vojislav Simic (Yugoslavia), the orchestra Kenya Francy Boland-Clarke and many others.